SV01: Issues In Functional Vision: Evaluation and Intervention
Presented By: William V. Padula, OD, FNAP, FNORA , FAAO; Raquel M. Benabib, M.S., COVT; Diana Eastburn-Ludlam, COVT

3 Contact Hours - 0.30 CEUs - 3.00 PDUs
$15.00 per person
Course Description

This CEU program consists of four streaming videos. Some of the information contained in this program (V1 and FVC1-4) is included in the longer seminar SEM3A2.

VP1 Vision as a Process (26 min.) by William V. Padula, O.D.
This video provides a developmental perspective of vision and the relationship of vision as a process to the issues of motor control and functional vision skills. Understanding the visual system is essential for the clinician treating persons with physical dysfunction.

V1 Aspects of Functional Vision & Screening Procedures(35 min.) by Raquel M. Benabib, M.S., COVT
This functional vision screening video provides demonstration of functional vision skills and step by step instruction of each item in the screening protocol. Screening procedures are presented for ocular motility, fixations, saccades, pursuits, and convergence-divergence, Indicators of functional vision difficulty are clearly identified.

FVC1-4 Categories of Functional Vision Efficiency (53 min.) by Raquel M. Benabib, M.S., COVT
This video presents the Functional Vision Efficiency Categories I-IV. Visual profile, goals, objectives and intervention activities for each functional vision category are provided.
Functional Category I: Learning to Orient the Visual System. Specific intervention activities designed to stimulate visual exploration and orientations are demonstrated. Functional Vision Efficiency Category II.Helping the Visual System Move & See. Children in this category require experience to establish localization, fixation, saccades, pursuits and ocular mobility. Functional Vision Category III: Beginning to Process Visual Information. Children in this category require strengthening of any weak areas of basic functional vision skills, work in perceptual skills, and an increased emphasis on near-far accommodation and focus. Functional Vision Efficiency Category IV: Making Visual Processing Efficient for Learning. Children in this category need refinement of their visual skills and the ability to sustain and maintain attention for learning.

STRAB1 Functional Optometric Approach to Strabismus and Amblyopia (43 min.)  by William M. Ludlam, O.D., & Diana Eastburn-Ludlam, COVT
This video presents concepts of assessment and treatment for strabismus and amblyopia, from a functional optometric perspective. Malalignment of the eyes and treatment through proper lens prescription and orthoptics is demonstrated and discussed in detail. Luster and the use of Red/Green filters for treating suppression is presented in depth. This video offers a comprehensive look at the complicated issue of strabismus and amblyopia and offers effective intervention strategies for improving functional vision.

There are no Handouts included for this course.
Learning Outcomes
1. Describe the nature of vision as a sensory-motor process.
2. Describe the processes of ambient and focal vision.
3. Describe implications for rehabilitation.
4. Describe the differences between acuity and functional vision.
5. Describe the basic functional vision skills.
6. Describe procedures for screening functional vision skills.
7. Describe the four basic categories of functional vision.
8. Describe the basic visual skills of each category of functional vision.
9. Describe the transitional requirements from one category to the next.
10. Describe the condition of Strabismus.
11. Describe the use of various lenses.
12. Describe the concept of "Luster."
Seminar Level
Level I Introductory/no prerequsites required. For special needs requests please contact us by phone or email. Phone 575-526-0012. Fax 575-526-0014.
Accepted by NBCOT for PDUs. Approved by the California Speech Therapy Board, the New York PT Board, California PT Board and the Illinois PT Board. For other State PT Board approvals click on CEU Course Approvals on the CEU Course Listing Page.
High Speed Internet Connection Required. Wireless connections may not be consistently fast enough to watch long video files. You may need to have your computer connected directly to your high speed modem via an internet cable.
Target Audience
Occupational, physical, speech therapists, certified athletic trainers, and other rehabilitation specialists. For special needs requests please contact us at
Order Options
This course is only available online.
Clinician's View®, P.O. Box 458, Fairacres, NM 88033 USA
Phone: (575) 526-0012   Email:
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